PROPOSED TEMPLATE PORTUGAL - SUMMARY OF POLICIES AND LEGISLATION FOR FOOD WASTE PREVENTION AND REDUCTION
A) National strategy on food waste prevention
A method, strategy or plan specifically addressing food waste prevention. Three typologies can be identified:
- Specific National Food Waste Prevention Plan
- Specific National Food Waste Prevention Strategy
- Food Waste included in other National Plans/Strategies
B) Market-based instruments
Market-based instruments or economic incentives are policy tools that encourage behavioural change through market signals rather than through traditional regulations. Examples include environmentally related taxes, charges and subsidies, emissions trading and other tradeable permit systems, deposit-refund systems, environmental labeling laws, licenses, and economic property rights.
C) Regulations and regulatory instruments
Regulatory instruments are governmental or ministerial orders having the force of law. Regulatory instruments are sometimes called "command-and-control"; public authorities mandate the performance to be achieved or the technologies to be used.
D) Voluntary agreements
Voluntary agreements are alternative courses of actions such as self-regulations developed by the industry generally aimed to deliver the policy objectives faster and/or in a more cost-effective manner compared to mandatory requirements.
E) Technical reports and main scientific articles
Technical reports and scientific articles refer to publications that report results of experimental and/or theoretical scientific investigations to enhance the body of scientific knowledge (in this case about food waste and losses).
F) Communication and campaigns
Campaigns include national “umbrella” campaigns; campaigns; short campaigns and festivals; education and training activities; contests and competitions; exhibitions;
Communication include seminars and lectures; vocational trainings; books and manuals.
G) Projects and other measures
Projects and other measures refer to initiatives like neighbourhood projects, food sharing platforms, platform/networks, labelling, applications, etc that contribute and/or are connected to food waste reduction.