NORWAY - SUMMARY OF POLICIES AND LEGISLATION FOR FOOD WASTE PREVENTION AND REDUCTION
The overarching goal of the Norwegian food waste policy-mix is to reduce the amount of food waste which is produced as a whole and to recycle it. However, Norway has not implemented a specific strategy or national plan for food waste reduction. Food waste reduction is a key element along with biogas production from organic waste of the National Waste Management and Prevention Plan “From Waste To Resources”. This plan was launched in August 2013 by the Ministry of Climate and Environment.
The most important regulations are related to: food labelling (The Norwegian Food Labeling Regulations No 1385), food hygiene (The Norwegian Food Hygiene Regulations (Nos 1622 and 1623), on pollutions and waste (Pollution Act of 13th March 1981 No 6) and the ban on landfilling.
In Norway, it is a long-term practice to use the Extended Producer Responsibility approach and negotiated agreements between the government and relevant sectors to set goals and ambitions for waste management and prevention. Therefore, specific regulations and fiscal mechanisms have not been developed. A specific negotiated agreement on food waste between the government (including several ministries) and the entire food sector is under development and will probably be established early in 2015.
The Food Consciousness campaign is part of the main communication campaign promoted by Matvett Ltd, which is funded by a combination of private sector and state organizations working within both the food and beverage industry and environmental protection.
Figure 1. Norway’s Policy Mix at December 2014
* A full voluntary agreement is foreseen for 2015.
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A) NORWAY’S NATIONAL PLAN/STRATEGY ON FOOD WASTE REDUCTION
From Waste To Resources (in Norwegian)
Available from: http://www.regjeringen.no/pages/38416619/T-1531_web.pdf
B) MARKET-BASED INSTRUMENTS
C) REGULATORY INSTRUMENTS/REGULATIONS TRADING SCHEME
Norwegian Food Labeling Regulations of 21 December 1993 No 1385 implementing amongst others Directive 2000/13/EC on the labeling of foodstuffs
The Norwegian Food Hygiene Regulations of 22 December 2008 Nos 1622 and 1623 implementing Regulations (EC) Nos 852/2004 and 853/2004 on food hygiene
Pollution Act of 13th March 1981 No 6
Ban on landfilling July 1st 2009
D) VOLUNTARY AGREEMENT
E) RESEARCH AND TECHNICAL REPORTS
Hanssen, O.J& Schakenda, V. (2011) Status and trends for avoidable food waste in Norway 2011. Oestfold Research. Report number: OR 37.10.
Hanssen, O.J. & Møller, H. (2013) Status and trends for avoidable food waste in Norway 2010-13. Ostfold Research. Report number: OR 32.13.
Hanssen, O.J., Skogesal, O., Møller, H., Vinju, E. & Syversen, F. (2013) Food Wastage from Norwegian households. Ostfold Research. Report number: OR 38.13.
Examples regarding the Nordic countries (including Norway):
Franke, U., Einarson, E., Andrésen, N., Svanes, E., Hartikainen, H. & Mogensen, L. (2013) Kartläggning av matsvinnet i primärproduktionen. TemaNord, Nordiska ministerrådet. Report number: 2013:581. (Summary and appendixes in English (pages 47-85)).
Available from: http://norden.diva-portal.org/smash/record.jsf?pid=diva2%3A700816&dswid=-4898
Marthinsen, J., Sundt, P., Kaysen, O. & Kirkevaag, K. (2012) Prevention of food waste in restaurants, hotels, canteens and catering. TemaNord, Nordic Council of Ministers..
Available from: http://norden.diva-portal.org/smash/record.jsf?pid=diva2%3A701203&dswid=9469
Stenmarck, Å., Hanssen, O.J., Silvennoinen, K., Katajajuuri, J. & Werge, M. (2011) Initiatives on prevention of food waste in the retail and wholesale trades. Swedish Environmental Research Institute IVL. Report number: B1988..
Available from: http://norden.diva-portal.org/smash/record.jsf?pid=diva2%3A701989&dswid=-4898
Sundt, P., Marthinsen, J., Syversen, F., Kaysen, O. & Kirkvaag, K. (2011) Nordic information campaign regarding food waste prevention: preliminary study. Nordic Council of Ministers, Mepex Consult AS.
G) PROJECTS AND OTHER MEASURES
Available from: http://www.matmett.no
Available from: http://www.matsvinn.no
Available from: http://ostfoldforskning.no/prosjektsider/78/international-research-workshop-on-food-waste-prevention/program-for-the-workshop-(final-program).aspx?id=875
Available from: http://www.sustainable-everyday-project.net/urbact-sustainable-food/2013/07/10/reducing-food-waste-in-norway
All links cited in the references have been accessed for the last time on October 27, 2015.